Building up on classical linear formulations, we posit that a broad class of problems in signal synthesis and in signal recovery are reducible to the basic task of finding a point in a closed convex subset of a Hilbert space that satisfies a number of nonlinear equations involving firmly nonexpansive operators. We investigate this formalism in the case when, due to inaccurate modeling or perturbations, the nonlinear equations are inconsistent. A relaxed formulation of the original problem is proposed in the form of a variational inequality. The properties of the relaxed problem are investigated and a provenly convergent block-iterative algorithm, whereby only blocks of the underlying firmly nonexpansive operators are activated at a given iteration, is devised to solve it. Numerical experiments illustrate robust recoveries in several signal and image processing applications.
A variational inequality model for the construction of signals from inconsistent nonlinear equations
January 15, 2022
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